The Esperance Biosecurity Association originally formed as the Northern Mallee Declared Species Group (NMDSG) which was formed at Salmon Gums in 2004 following a spike in wild dog attacks on sheep around Esperance.  They recognised that the problem was wide spread and required coordination and funding.

The group began to lobby government agencies for more support and secured funding for two full-time Doggers. At the same time, it sought a more permanent solution to the problem of wild dog attacks and considered the idea of extending the State Barrier Fence. By 2007, the group had gained a direct link to the State Barrier Fence Committee and the State Wild Dog committee when Cascades farmer and NMDSG member Scott Pickering took up a position on these boards. An added benefit of the fence extension was its ability to control the movement of emu flocks, which were impacting on properties bordering unallocated crown land.

In 2009, the NMDSG began the process of incorporation and in April of 2010 it held its inaugural Annual General Meeting. Almost 100 members signed up in the first year with several corporate members and sponsors among them. The NMDSG now employs a part time administrator and two full-time Doggers, as well as hosting information days for landholders and distributing newsletters.

The innovative group has also sought other solutions to the wild dog problem, in particular the trialing of white Maremma guard dogs. The breed originated in central Italy and has been used for centuries by shepherds to guard sheep from wolves. Six dogs were donated by the Australian Dingo Conservation Association, and these have been distributed to members. This trial proved unsuccessful. 

Since the 2010 announcement by the State Government to provide funding to the NMDSG for fence materials, the group has been focused on raising the necessary funds to complete the State Barrier Fence extension.

The Honourable Mark Lewis MLC Minister for Agriculture and Food gave consent to recognition for Northern Mallee Declared Species Group Inc to become a Recognised Biosecurity Group for the purposes of section 169 of the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007, on the 23rd February 2017

In May 2017 the Northern Mallee Declared Species Group Inc. officially changed the group's name to Esperance Biosecurity Association Inc. to show better representation for all landholders within the group's operational area.

The Esperance Biosecurity Association is the community driver of the proposal to construct an extension to the State Barrier Fence, to extend around the Esperance Agricultural area. This is the long term answer to controlling the wild dog problem.